"Whoever wishes to foresee the future must consult the past; for human events ever resemble those of preceding times. This arises from the fact that they are produced by men who ever have been, and ever shall be, animated by the same passions, and thus they necessarily have the same results." Machiavelli
The latest paintings, influenced by 1820-1960 maps of the Lower Don River, Toronto as well as the harbour, will explore the water content.
We know Toronto to have been greatly influenced architecturally by industrial establishments which were inevitably creating industrial waste.
In the 1860s and 70s, widespread adoption of stream power stimulated industrial expansion across the city. The existence of a growing industrial hub on the Lower Don, with its established benefits of affordable land and convenient rail and shipping access, provided the foundation for further industrial growth. (Making an Industrial Margin J Bonnell)
Many factors contributed to physical changes in the Don Valley and marshlands; deforestation, soil erosion, water diversion for agricultural and industrial purposes.
The years of waste and sewage disposal in the Don River and Lake Ontario included, and were not limited to
LIQUIDIZED CATTLE MANURE
LIME FROM TANNING OPERATIONS
CORROSIVE LYE FROM SOAPWORKS
INDUSTRIAL BY-PRODUCTS SUCH AS GASOLINE
ORGANIC WASTES SUCH AS ANIMAL OFFAL
WASTES FROM RENDERING PLANTS
about the author
I like to think that the large works on paper on which I assemble different drawing methods represent a kind of inventory or document about the state of the our urban rivers.